BATHORY (1983–2004). Quorthon (vocals/guitar/other instruments), Freddan (bass, replaced by Ktohar), Jonas Akerlund Vvorth (drums).
Bathory were one of the most pagan of the black metal scene and helped to introduce the worship of the Norse gods as part of the black metal pantheon. Many also consider Bathory’s signature gloomy sound to be the foundation of the black metal sound. The band typically also dressed on album covers in traditional Viking outfits complete with copious amounts of spikes and swords. The band also veered into fascist and pro-Aryan ideology that marred their output as Bathory (mostly the work of Quorthon, who eventually played all the instruments in the band, which declined to play live gigs). The band ended with the death of Quorthon of heart failure in 2004, but his influence on the black metal scene is considerable.
Discography: Bathory (Black Mark, 1984); The Return of Darkness and Evil (Black Mark, 1985); Under the Sign of the Black Mark (New Renaissance, 1987); Blood Fire Death (Maze/Kraze, 1988); Hammerheart (Noise, 1990); Twilight of the Gods (Black Mark, 1991); Requiem (Black Mark, 1994); Octagon (Black Mark, 1995); Blood on Ice (Black Mark, 1996); Destroyer of Worlds (Black Mark, 2001); Nordland I (Black Mark, 2003); Nordland II (Black Mark, 2004).