IRON BUTTERFLY (1966–71). Doug Ingle (vocals/organ), Ron Bushy (drums), Erik Braun (guitar), Lee Dorman (bass).
With their heavy acid rock of the sixties, Iron Butterfly was one of the first bands to evolve a sound that presaged heavy metal, and their 17-minute opus, “In-A-Gadda-Da-Vida” (a perversion of the phrase “in a garden of Eden”) is often cited as one of the first heavy metal tracks (though its monotonous, psychedelic refrain may seem a bit old-fashioned to contemporary listeners).
Iron Butterfly was formed in 1966 after San Diegan Doug Ingle (vocals and organ) had moved to Los Angeles with drummer Ron Bushy and hooked up with bassist Jerry Penrod, vocalist Darryl DeLoach, and guitarist Danny Weis. After scoring a recording contract, the band released its first album, Heavy, in 1968. The band recorded a second album with guitarist Erik Braun and bassist Lee Dorman now joining Ingle and Bushy, In-A-Gadda-Da-Vida (1968), which contained the title track and became a hit, selling over four million copies. The album spent a year in the top ten, and an abridged single got as high as number 30. After a follow-up with 1969’s Ball, which went gold, the band’s fortunes declined and by 1971 they had broken up.
Discography: Heavy (Rhino, 1968); In-A-Gadda-Da-Vida (Atco, 1968); Ball (Collectors’ Choice Music, 1969); Iron Butterfly Live (Rhino, 1970); Metamorphosis (Rhino, 1970); Scorching Beauty (Repertoire, 1975); Sun and Steel (Edsel, 1976); Rare Flight (Pair, 1991); Light and Heavy: The Best of Iron Butterfly (Rhino, 1993); Greatest Hits (Bellaphon, 1995); Live (Atlantic, 2005); In-A-Gadda-Da-Vida (Falcone Music, 2005); The Best of Light and Heavy (Rhino, 2007).